The Asian Journal of Professional & Business Studies <p>The Asian Journal of Professional and Business Studies (AJPBS) is a collection of scholarly articles published by the Publication Division of the Universiti Poly-Tech Malaysia. The collection of articles was obtained from researchers participating in various academy activities, such as conferences, innovation competitions, and year-end projects. This journal contains articles that have never been published in any other publication. AJPBS contains various articles dealing with knowledge from business, accounting, and management. All articles will go through a blind peer-review process once they meet the basic requirements set by the journals.</p> Universiti Poly-Tech Malaysia en-US The Asian Journal of Professional & Business Studies 2716-666X Determinants of The Human Development Index During the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Case Study for Regencies/Municipalities In Jambi Province <p>It is expected that the COVID-19 pandemic could cause a global recession with a significant impact on disrupting economic activities. This study's primary objective is to determine the impact, effect, and determinant of Human Development Index (HDI) during the COVID-19 pandemic in the regencies/municipalities of Jambi Province, utilising four independent variables: economic growth, poverty rate, unemployment rate, and income distribution inequality. To analyse the impact of COVID-19 during the pandemic on independent variables, the author used different test analyses and a quantitative descriptive method. Using a regression panel model, the author analyses the impact of a pandemic on Jambi Province's HDI for the years 2017 to 2021. Different test results indicated that the COVID-19 pandemic had an effect on economic growth, poverty rate, and unemployment rate in the regencies/municipalities of Jambi Province, but had no effect on income distribution inequality. The regression estimation of panel data using a Fixed Effect Model reveals that the poverty rate and open unemployment rate have a significant effect on the HDI in the regencies/municipalities of Jambi Province, whereas economic growth and income distribution inequality do not.</p> Rudziah Mohd Darus Haryadi Erni Achmad Muhammad Omar Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Professional & Business Studies 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 4 1 10.61688/ajpbs.v4i1.54 The Voters’ Choice and Hope in the 14th Malaysian General Election <p>The 14th Malaysian General Elections (GE14) result has proven to be a good platform for democracy after the opposition coalition party successfully topple the ruling coalition party since the first election. This paper discusses a survey conducted four days before the GE14 nomination day announcement to measure the voters’ views and interests. The main two objectives are (i) to measure the voters’ choice of candidates’ characteristics; (ii) to examine the issues that are concerned the voters; and (iii) to discuss voting inclination prior to GE14. The methodology used is a cross-sectional survey conducted from 24 April until 25 April 2018 using a Google survey and distributed through WhatsApp and Facebook. This survey received an overwhelming response and managed to gather 1331 respondents. The survey has 21 items in four sections – demography, candidate characteristics, issues, and opinions on Malaysian politics. The findings portray that candidate characteristics preference has slightly changed from party-based voting to candidate personality.</p> Sharifah Syahirah Syed Syeikh Muhd Bazli Hashim Fatimah Bibi Hamzah Syamsul Fozy Osman Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Professional & Business Studies 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 4 1 10.61688/ajpbs.v4i1.48 Environmental Management System (EMS) in Hotel Industry: Government Incentives & Customer Demand. <p>The tourism industry in Malaysia has been a significant contributor to pollution, necessitating the implementation of environmental management systems (EMS) to address the negative impact of environmental degradation. The aim of this study was to explore the influence of government incentives and customer demand on the adoption of EMS in Malaysian hotels. The research was based on questionnaires collected from 4- and 5-star hotels in the Central Region of Malaysia, and the data were analyzed using Least Square Partial Structural Equation Modeling. Contrary to expectations, the study found that neither government incentives nor customer demand had an impact on EMS adoption. However, the size of the hotel was found to be a significant factor affecting the adoption of EMS. This study contributes to the literature on motivational factors and EMS adoption in emerging markets like Malaysia and highlights the importance of considering the size of the hotel when designing policies to promote EMS adoption.</p> Noor Rohin Awalludin Norhani Aripin Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Professional & Business Studies 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 4 1 10.61688/ajpbs.v4i1.67 Effects of Job Demands, Job Resources and Psychological Capital on Work Engagement among Nurses in Bangladesh <p>The level of work engagement of nurses has indisputable contributions to patient service in the health care sectors. The Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model predicts job demands and resources related to work engagement but has not previously been tested in the specific context of registered nurses of Bangladesh using psychological capital as a mediator. The main objective of this study is to investigate the impacts of job demands, and job resources on the work engagement of nurses<br>of public hospitals in Bangladesh where psychological capital plays the role of mediator. A comprehensive review will be presented based on the most recently selected literature from an academic journal and relevant online platforms. However, as mentioned in the conceptual analysis, it will contribute to the literature by providing expanded knowledge of the job aspects associated with the work engagement of nurses and will confirm the importance of monitoring nurses' work engagement and psychological capital to improve patient satisfaction with nursing care in Bangladesh. Besides, the conceptual configuration of this study will help healthcare managers and policymakers of healthcare services that could serve as input for planning purposes. Furthermore, the conceptual model may possibly be able to assist nurses in practicing their ability with the responsibility to handle certain situations with the nursing staff coordinator's supervision.</p> Mst Shahinur Begum Raemah Abdullah Hashim Hishamuddin Md. Som Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Professional & Business Studies 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 4 1 10.61688/ajpbs.v4i1.49 The Effect of Perceived Organisational Support, Perceived Co-Worker Support and Work-Family Conflict on Turnover Intention Among Nurses in Bangladesh <p>Nurses are the largest occupational group responsible for delivering high-quality patient care. However, a higher nurses’ turnover rate negatively affects the nurses’ morale and quality of care and increases the workload of remaining nurses, resulting in more nurses’ turnover. In Bangladesh, hospitals do not have enough nurses. The nurses’ turnover rate (15-18%) will lead to substantial financial and service quality loss. The nurses’ turnover rate is approximately 17% in Bangladesh. Therefore, this study aims to identify how to mitigate turnover intention among nurses in the healthcare sector in Bangladesh. Still, very little research has been conducted so far on the linkage between perceived organisational support, perceived co-worker support and turnover intention. The findings of these variables are inconclusive, necessitating further research. Moreover, most of the research so far has been conducted in Western settings. However, the relationship has yet to be thoroughly examined in the emerging Asian context, especially in Bangladesh. In addition, previous studies have overlooked the mediating effect of work-family conflict in the relationship between perceived organisational support, perceived co-worker support and turnover intention. The proposed research framework is supported by social exchange theory and conservation of resources theory.</p> Kazi Omar Siddiqi Raemah Abdullah Hashim Rosli Mahmood Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Professional & Business Studies 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 4 1 10.61688/ajpbs.v4i1.47 Enhancing Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Communication and Stakeholder Engagement: Strategies for Building Trust and Fostering Social Impact. <p>This research aims to explore the challenges and opportunities associated with corporate social responsibility (CSR) communication and stakeholder engagement in contemporary business settings. The significance of CSR has grown globally, as organizations are expected to go beyond legal requirements and address the needs and expectations of various stakeholder groups. However, several issues hinder the effective implementation and communication of CSR initiatives. These include a lack of knowledge and experience in CSR sustainability, inadequate skills within public relations teams, employees' commitment and satisfaction, and growing public skepticism towards CSR goals. The research seeks to investigate how businesses can enhance their CSR communication strategies to build trust, reduce skepticism, and foster meaningful social impact. It will examine the role of social media as a platform for disseminating CSR messages, the relationship between CSR activities and organizational citizenship behavior, and the importance of clear communication channels between organizations and the public. Findings from this study will provide practical insights for businesses in optimizing their CSR communication efforts, strengthening stakeholder engagement, and contributing positively to society.</p> Nur Arisya Salman Nisrin Ishak Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Professional & Business Studies 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 4 1 10.61688/ajpbs.v4i1.68