The Asian Journal of Professional & Business Studies https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs <p>The Asian Journal of Professional and Business Studies (AJPBS) is a collection of scholarly articles published by the Publication Division of the Universiti Poly-Tech Malaysia. The collection of articles was obtained from researchers participating in various academy activities, such as conferences, innovation competitions, and year-end projects. This journal contains articles that have never been published in any other publication. AJPBS contains various articles dealing with knowledge from business, accounting, and management. All articles will go through a blind peer-review process once they meet the basic requirements set by the journals.</p> en-US publication@kuptm.edu.my (Dr Shahri Abu Seman) muhammadomar@kuptm.edu.my (Dr. Muhammad Omar) Tue, 25 Jun 2024 09:01:56 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.10 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Leading Sector Development Strategy in the Economic Structure of Jambi City. https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/159 <p>The research article titled "Leading Sector Development Strategy in the Economic Structure of Jambi City" aims to analyze the economic landscape of Jambi City and formulate data-driven policy strategies for economic development. The study utilizes a mix of quantitative and qualitative methods, including SLQ, DLQ, MRP, Overlay, Classic Shift-Share, Esteban Maquila’s Shift-Share, Klassen Typology, SWOT, IFAS, and EFAS analyses. The findings highlight promising sectors such as trade, accommodation, food and beverage services, and corporate services. The research also identifies shifts in the economic structure and competitive advantages in various sectors. Furthermore, the study formulates policy strategies for the development of selected leading sectors in Jambi City. The article provides valuable insights for policymakers and stakeholders in Jambi City to prioritize and plan for economic development</p> Indriyani Setyawati, Erni Achmad, Zainul Bahri Copyright (c) 2024 Indriyani Setyawati, Erni Achmad, Zainul Bahri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/159 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Poverty, Unemployment and Zakat Rates on The Islamic-Human Development Index in Jambi Province Through Economic Growth as an Intervening Variable. https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/319 <p>This study is entitled the effect of poverty, unemployment and zakat levels on the Islamic- Human Development Index in Jambi Province through economic growth as an intervening variable. The purpose of this study is 1) to analyze the effect of poverty, unemployment and zakat rates on economic growth in Jambi Province. 2) to analyze the effect of economic growth on the Islamic-Human Development Index in Jambi Province. 3) to analyze the effect of poverty, unemployment and zakat levels on the Islamic-Human Development Index through economic growth in Jambi Province. The research method used is a quantitative descriptive analysis method with secondary data. The analytical tools used by the SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) method , using AMOS 26, use the stages of modeling and structural equation analysis into 7 steps, namely: 1. Theoretical model development; 2. Drawing up a path diagram; 3. Convert path diagrams into structural equations; 4. Choose input matrix for data analysis; 5. Assess model identification; 6. Assess Goodness-of-Fit criteria; 7. Interpretation of model estimation The results showed that the factors that directly affect economic growth in Jambi Province are the poverty rate and national zakat index, while the open unemployment rate does not affect economic growth in Jambi Province. The national zakat index directly has a significant effect on I-HDI in Jambi Province, however, the poverty rate and open unemployment rate directly do not have a significant effect on I- HDI in Jambi Province. Economic growth directly affects I-HDI in Jambi Province. Factors that indirectly influence I-HDI in Jambi Province through economic growth as an intervening variable are the national zakat index, open unemployment rate, and poverty rate against I-HDI in Jambi Province</p> Juharati Dinia1, Amri Amir, Lucky Enggraini Fitri Copyright (c) 2024 Juharati Dinia1, Amri Amir, Lucky Enggraini Fitri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/319 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Effect Of Investment, Unemployment And Human Development Index Against Income Inequality (Comparative Study Of Java Island, Sumatra And Sulawesi Island) https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/306 <p>This study aims to analyze the effect of Investment, Unemployment and Human <br>Development Index on Income Inequality (Comparative Study of Sumatra, Java and <br>Sulawesi Islands). The data used is panel data (time series &amp; cross section) from 2010 to <br>2023 consisting of every province on the island of Sumatra, Java and Sulawesi. Data is <br>sourced from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) and the Investment Coordinating Board, <br>Ministry of Investment of the Republic of Indonesia. The data was analyzed by path analysis <br>method (Sobel Test) using Eviews12 software. The results of the analysis show that partially <br>Investment and Human Development Index have a significant direct influence on Income <br>Inequality through GRDP in Sulawesi Island, while Unemployment indirectly has no <br>significant effect. In contrast to Sumatra and Java, both show that Investment, <br>Unemployment and Human Development Index do not have a significant indirect effect on <br>Income Inequality through GRDP. However, simultaneously all these independent variables <br>have a significant direct influence on income inequality in Sumatra, Java and Sulawesi <br>island.</p> Sandi Abdi JJ Pamungkas, Haryadi, Etik Umiyati Copyright (c) 2024 Sandi Abdi JJ Pamungkas, Haryadi, Etik Umiyati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/306 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Factors Influencing Poverty in Sungai Penuh City https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/149 <p><em>Factors affecting poverty in Sungai Full City</em><em>. The problem of poverty is one of the policy targets for the development of Jambi Province</em><em>, one of which is in Sungai Full City so that the income gap becomes smaller. Poverty is a problem in multidimensional development because to overcome poverty, the problems faced are endless. This study aims to determine the development of poverty, population, economic growth, human development index, unemployment rate, income inequality in Sungai Full City and to determine and analyze the influence of population variables, economic growth, human development index, poverty in Sungai Penuh City. The year of analysis is 2008 to 2022. The analysis methods used are quantitative descriptive analysis, multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed that developments in the period 2008 – 2022 consisting of the average poverty rate increased by 3.28 percent, the average population increased by 1.55 percent, average economic growth increased by 5.72 percent, the average human development index increased by 0.75 percent, average income inequality increased by 0.35 percent, and the average unemployment rate increased by 7.03 percent. The population has a positive and significant effect on poverty in Sungai </em><em>Penuh</em><em> City, and the human development index has a negative and significant effect on poverty in Sungai </em><em>Penuh</em><em> City. Meanwhile, economic growth, income inequality and unemployment have a positive and insignificant effect on poverty in Sungai Full City</em><em>.</em></p> Teddy Osviantori, Yulmardi, Zulfanetti, Meylinda Lestari Copyright (c) 2024 Teddy Osviantori, Yulmardi, Zulfanetti, Meylinda Lestari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/149 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of The Influence of Investment, Labor and Exports on The Economic Growth of Jambi Province https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/314 <p>This research aims to describe and analyze: 1) The development of economic growth in Jambi Province; 2) The influence of investment, labor and exports on economic growth in Jambi Province for the period 2000-2021. The method used is multiple regression model analysis using the Error Correction Model (ECM) approach, using secondary data from 2000-2021. The research results show that: First, the development of economic growth in Jambi Province from 2000-2021 was 5.53 percent, although it experienced a decline in 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2021, the economy will pick up again, driven by increased production and export performance. Second, investment variables in the long term and short term have a positive and insignificant influence on economic growth in Jambi Province. The variable number of workers in Jambi Province has a negative and significant influence on the economic growth of Jambi Province, while in the short term it has a negative and insignificant influence on the economic growth of Jambi Province. The export variable has a positive and significant influence on economic growth in Jambi Province both in the long and short term.</p> Risqi Fadhilah, zulgani, Zainul Bahri Copyright (c) 2024 Risqi Fadhilah, zulgani, Zainul Bahri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/314 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Determinants of Poverty Levels In Terms of Regional Revenues and Expenditures in Regency/City Jambi Province 2017-2022 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/303 <p>The aim of this research is 1) To analyze the development conditions of poverty levels, local <br>original income, general allocation funds, special allocation funds, profit sharing funds, <br>capital expenditures and expenditures on regency/city goods and services in Jambi Province <br>for 2017-2022. 2) To analyze the influence of Regional Original Income, General Allocation <br>Funds, Special Allocation Funds, Profit Sharing Funds, Capital Expenditures and Goods and <br>Services Expenditures on Regency/City Poverty Levels in Jambi Province in 2017-2022. The <br>type of research used is descriptive and quantitative population research in this research is all <br>districts/cities in Jambi Province, data collection techniques are indirect observation and <br>library research (library study). The type of data used in this research is secondary data. The <br>data analysis technique in this research uses panel data regression. The research results show <br>that Original Regional Income has a negative and insignificant effect on the poverty level, <br>meaning that if local original income increases, the poverty level will decrease. General <br>Allocation Funds have a negative and significant effect on poverty, meaning that if general <br>allocation funds increase, the poverty level will decrease. Special Allocation Funds have a <br>negative and significant effect on poverty, meaning that if special location funds increase, <br>the poverty level will decrease. Profit Sharing Funds have a negative and significant effect <br>on poverty, meaning that if profit sharing funds increase it can reduce poverty rates. Capital <br>expenditure has a negative and insignificant effect, meaning that if capital expenditure <br>increases, the poverty level will decrease but not significantly. Expenditure on goods and <br>services has a negative and significant effect, meaning that if expenditure on goods and <br>services increases, the poverty level will decrease.</p> Elza Fitrianty, Yulmardi, Candra Mustika Copyright (c) 2024 Elza Fitrianty, Yulmardi, Candra Mustika https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/303 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Comparative Study and Regional Financial Performance and Its Effect on The Economic Growth of Districts/Cities in Jambi Province. https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/312 <p>This research is entitled comparative study and regional financial performance and its effect <br>on the economic growth of districts / cities in Jambi Province. The purpose of this study is to <br>determine and analyze the effect of regional financial independence ratio, income <br>effectiveness ratio and efficiency ratio on economic growth in Jambi Province District/City. <br>The analysis method used quantitative descriptive analysis with panel data regression method. <br>The results showed that the income effectiveness ratio had a significant effect on economic <br>growth, while the Regional Independence Ratio and the Income Effectiveness Ratio did not <br>have a significant effect on the economic growth of Jambi Province districts/cities.</p> Arden Naser Yustian Simarmata, Erni Achmad, Zainul Bahri Copyright (c) 2024 Arden Naser Yustian Simarmata, Erni Achmad, Zainul Bahri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/312 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Variances in the Purchasing Intention of Sports Items on TikTok Shop Based on Gender, Educational Institutions, and Academic Programs https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/297 <p>TikTok presents a compelling opportunity for marketers to engage with a diverse community of sports enthusiasts. However, there is limited empirical evidence addressing how demographic factors, such as gender, educational background, and academic programs, intersect to influence consumer decisions regarding sports merchandise purchases on TikTok Shop. This study examines the variations in purchasing intention of sports items on TikTok Shop based on gender, educational institutions, and academic programs. Conducted among 222 undergraduate sports students from both public and private educational institutions, the research utilized the students purchasing intention of sports items on TikTok Shop (rated on a 10-point scale) as its primary instrument. The findings revealed no significant difference in the main effect of students' purchasing intention of sports items on TikTok Shop, including gender (F (1, 216) = .720, p = .397), academic program (F (1, 216) = .042, p = .838), and educational institutions (F (1, 216) = .042, p = .838). These findings underscore the importance for businesses operating on TikTok Shop and other digital platforms to adopt a more inclusive and universal approach in their marketing strategies and product offerings, rather than segmenting them based on demographic or institutional factors.</p> Kutip, M. F. , Zuriati Mustapha, Syahida Mohd Nazri, Adam Afif Mohamad Azmi, Cassendra Gilbert Copyright (c) 2024 Kutip, M. F. , Zuriati Mustapha, Syahida Mohd Nazri, Adam Afif Mohamad Azmi, Cassendra Gilbert https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/297 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis Of Merchant Income And Business Sustainability Of Tourism Sector Kerinci Regency https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/309 <p>This study aims to determine the socio-economic characteristics of traders in the tourism sector of Kerinci Regency, to analyze the factors that affect the income of traders in the tourism sector of kerinci regency and see the prospects for the sustainability of the tourism sector business in kerinci regency (case study of Kerinci Lake, Semurup Hot Water and smoky telun waterfall). The research method used is quantitative descriptive analysis with multiple linear regression analysis tools with processing using eviews and multidimensional scalling methods using rapfish analysis tools. The results showed that the influence of capital variables, working hours and length of business had a significant effect on the income of traders in the tourism sector of Kerinci district, but the labor variable had no significant effect on the income of traders in the tourism sector of Kerinci district. While the sustainability of the ecological dimension, economic dimension, social dimension, technological dimension and institutional dimension has a fairly sustainable sustainability index. In order for the value of this index in the future can be maintained and improved with a very sustainable status, it is necessary to improve the sensitive attributes that affect the value of ecological, economic, social, technological and institutional indices.</p> adrian purwanto adrian, Erni Achmad, Nurhayati Copyright (c) 2024 adrian purwanto adrian, Erni Achmad, Nurhayati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/309 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Influence of Economic Freedom, Macroeconomic Variables, and The Covid-19 Pandemic On Economic Growth https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/162 <p>The aim of APEC cooperation is to promote sustainable and inclusive economic growth, as well as enhance cooperation and economic integration among its members. This study aims to analyze the influence of economic freedom, foreign direct investment, international trade, labor force, inflation, and the Covid-19 pandemic on economic growth in the 19 APEC member countries using multiple linear regression method. This research examines the impact of economic freedom, foreign direct investment, international trade, labor force, inflation, and the Covid-19 pandemic on economic growth. The analysis results indicate that economic freedom, although important, may have limited impact in weak institutional settings. Conversely, foreign direct investment and international trade have proven to have significant positive effects by bringing capital, technology, and innovation as well as enhancing economic efficiency. Moreover, skilled labor force and controlled inflation also support economic growth. However, the Covid-19 pandemic has caused serious disruptions by disrupting supply chains, decreasing demand, and creating economic uncertainty, highlighting the importance of economic resilience and public health. These findings emphasize the importance of policies supporting these factors to drive sustainable economic growth.</p> Julian Copyright (c) 2024 Julian https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/162 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A Analysis Of Leading Sectors in Jambi City Economy and Their Development Strategies https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/320 <p>This study aims to identify the leading sectors in the economy of Jambi City and develop strategies for their enhancement. Utilizing both secondary and primary data, the study employs Location Quotient (LQ), Dynamic Location Quotient (DLQ), Shift Share Analysis, and SWOT Analysis as its primary analytical tools. The findings reveal that the key sectors driving Jambi City's economy are Large Trade and Retail; Car and Motorcycle Repair; Processing Industry; and Transportation and Warehousing. Based on the SWOT analysis, development policies for these sectors fall into Quadrant I, advocating for an Aggressive Strategy (S-O). Recommended strategies include: developing modern shopping center infrastructure by leveraging Jambi City's strategic location and robust transportation network; diversifying products in the processing industry using abundant natural resources; and expanding car and motorcycle repair services by utilizing local human resources to meet the high market demand.</p> Selvy, Erni, Umiyati; M NASRULLAH NASRULLAH Copyright (c) 2024 Selvy, Erni, Umiyati; M NASRULLAH NASRULLAH https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/320 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Influence Of Islamic Financial Literacy, Religiosity, And Service Quality On The Decision To Save at Islamic Banks with Trust as an Intervening Variable in Jambi Province https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/307 <p>This study examines and analyzes the influence of Sharia financial literacy, religiosity, and <br>service quality on saving decisions in Islamic Banks with trust as an intervening variable in <br>Jambi Province. This study has a sample size of 115 respondents representing each <br>district/city in Jambi Province with a proportional nonrandom sampling technique. The data <br>used were primary data obtained from distributing questionnaires. The research analysis <br>method used Structural Equation Modeling Partial Least Squares (SEM-PLS) and data <br>processing techniques using descriptive statistical analysis techniques and Partial Least <br>Square (PLS) analysis with the help of SmartPLS 4.1.0.2 software. The results of this study <br>indicate that Sharia financial literacy, religiosity, and service quality have a positive and <br>significant effect on customer trust in Islamic banks in Jambi Province. Sharia financial <br>literacy and service quality positively and significantly affect customer decisions to save at <br>Islamic banks in Jambi Province. However, religiosity does not affect saving decisions at <br>Islamic banks in Jambi province. Trust positively and significantly affects saving decisions <br>at Islamic banks in Jambi Province. Trust can mediate the influence of Sharia financial <br>literacy, religiosity, and service quality variables on saving decisions in Islamic Banks in <br>Jambi province.</p> Novita Angraini, Zulfanetti, Nurida Isnaeni Copyright (c) 2024 Novita Angraini, Zulfanetti, Nurida Isnaeni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/307 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Bursa Suq Al Sila Framework Analysis https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/157 <p>In Malaysia,<em>&nbsp;Tawarruq</em>&nbsp;was introduced in Islamic financial system to replace the <em>bai ai-inah</em>&nbsp;concept. Hence, <em>Tawarruq </em>is the most popular product in Islamic Banking and finance sector. The ideas of T<em>awarruq </em>came from the classical perspectives of jurists that want to assist the development of Islamic economic, banking and finance and replacing the old concept which is clearly prohibited in Islam. Therefore, to overcome this issues and facilitate the implementation of Tawarruq, Suq al-Sila’ (BSAS) was introduce in Islamic financial system. However, many scholars has discussed from a difference views about the implementation of Tawarruq and BSAS. This study refer to BSAS as a case study to complete this research. The objectives of this study is to understand the framework of BSAS, explain the types of commodities and specification of commodity authorizing by Bursa Malaysia Islamic Services (BMIS), participants in the BSAS platform and analyze issues that exist on the BSAS platform. Meanwhile, this research use the secondary data such as collect data from the sources from library and data from internet and primary data by interviewing Vice President, Bank Shariah Officer and Shariah Officer Hong Leong Islamic Bank to obtain primary data. This paper will explain in more detail the BSAS transaction flow and present the Shariah issues involved. The results of this study found that there are several aspects of the implementation of the BSAS platform that raise some Shariah issues. Therefore, this paper is expected to improve BSAS platform and <em>Tawarruq</em>&nbsp;principles.</p> NurShuhaida Abdul Razak, Mohd Nor Hisham Mazlan, Ab Mumin Ab Ghani, Fadillah Rentah, Hidayahtul Khusna Abdul Malik Copyright (c) 2024 NurShuhaida Abdul Razak, Mohd Nor Hisham Mazlan, Ab Mumin Ab Ghani, Fadillah Rentah, Hidayahtul Khusna Abdul Malik https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/157 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Management of Zakat Funds in Improving The Community Economy. A Study on The Nationnal Amil Zakat Agency of Merangin District https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/315 <p>This research is entitled Management of Zakat Funds in Improving the Community's Economy (Study of the National Amil Zakat Agency of Merangin Regency). The objectives of this research are 1) To determine the strategy for collecting zakat in improving the community economy at the National Amil Zakat Agency in Merangin Regency. 2) To find out the zakat distribution strategy at the National Zakat Amil Agency in Merangin Regency.</p> <p>3) To find out the utilization of the National Amil Zakat Agency in the Merangin Regency. The research method used is qualitative descriptive analysis with empirical studies and documentation as well as through interview methods. The object of the research is the Merangi Regency National Zakat Agency. The research results show that the fund collection strategy carried out at the National Amil Zakat Agency in Merangin Regency uses two methods, namely a direct fund collection strategy and an indirect fund collection strategy. The fund distribution strategy carried out at the National Amil Zakat Agency in Merangin Regency is still to determine programs with a traditional consumptive distribution model, a creative consumptive distribution model, a traditional productive distribution model, and a creative productive distribution model. Community empowerment carried out by the National Amil Zakat Agency in Merangin Regency is carried out in two ways, namely consumptive and productive.</p> Khairil, Usdeldi, Novi Mubyarto Copyright (c) 2024 Khairil, Usdeldi, Novi Mubyarto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/315 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Determinants of Income Distribution Inequality in Indonesia https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/304 <p>This study aims to analyze the factors that influence income distribution inequality in Indonesia. The analysis method uses quantitative descriptive analysis with secondary data, the analysis tool uses panel data regression using cross-section data, The research objects are the Provinces in Indonesia, and time series data, namely 2915-2022 with a total number of observations of 272 objects, then using tests related to panel data regression,&nbsp; the selection of chow test models, Hausman test,&nbsp; and multiple Lagrange tests, as well as using statistical F hypothesis tests and statistical t and coefficients of determination. The results show that the poverty rate has a positive and significant effect on income distribution inequality in Indonesia, economic growth has a negative and significant effect on income distribution inequality in Indonesia, information and communication technology has a negative and significant effect on income distribution inequality in Indonesia, and investment has a positive and significant effect on income inequality in Indonesia. While the other two variables such as the human development index and unemployment rate do not affect the inequality of income distribution in Indonesia</p> Indah Sukma Dewi, Junaidi, Junaidi, Etik Umiyati Copyright (c) 2024 Indah Sukma Dewi, Junaidi, Junaidi, Etik Umiyati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/304 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Determinants of Government Spending and Investment on District/ City Economic Growth in Jambi Province. https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/313 <p>his research is entitled Determinants of Government Spending and Investment on the Economic Growth of Districts and Municipalities in Jambi Province. The study aims to determine and analyze the Determinants of Employee Expenditure, Capital Expenditure, Goods and Services Expenditure, PMDN, and PMA on District/City Economic Growth in Jambi Province in 2017-2022. The analysis method uses quantitative descriptive analysis with secondary data, the analysis tool uses panel data regression using cross-section data, namely the research objects of 11 districts and cities in the province, and time series data, namely 2017-2022 with a total number of observations of 66 objects, then using tests related to panel data regression, namely the selection of chow test models, Hausman tests, and Lagrange multiplier tests, and using statistical F and T hypothesis tests and coefficients of determination. The results showed that the regression estimation of panel data using the fixed effect model showed that the variables of capital expenditure, employee expenditure, and expenditure on goods and services had a significant effect on the economic growth of regencies and cities in Jambi Province. In contrast, the variables of foreign investment and domestic investment did not have a significant effect on the economic growth of Regencies and cities in Jambi Province.</p> Fitri Amalia, Erni Achmad, Chandra Mustafa Copyright (c) 2024 Fitri Amalia, Erni Achmad, Chandra Mustafa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/313 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Factors Affecting Farmer Poverty and Efforts to Overcome It In Tanjung Jabung Timur District https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/302 <p>This study aims to analyze the effect of technology, own capital, people's business credit, training, and agricultural institutions on the income of farmers in East Tanjung Jabung Regency and analyze poverty reduction strategies for farmers in East Tanjung Jabung Regency. The analysis tools used are multiple linear regression analysis and SWOT analysis. Based on the results of multiple linear regression partially owned capital, people's business credit, training, and agricultural institutions have a significant effect on the income of food farmers in East Tanjung Jabung Regency. Meanwhile, technology does not have a significant effect on the income of food farmers in East Tanjung Jabung Regency. The results of the SWOT analysis show that the strategy used for poverty reduction in farmers in East Tanjung Jabung Regency is in quadrant I position, which is a progressive recommendation, which means a very favorable situation for farmers in East Tanjung Jabung Regency because it has opportunities and strength so that it can take advantage of existing opportunities to overcome poverty</p> Muhammad Awaluddin Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Awaluddin https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/302 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Macro Development Variables (Per Capita Income, Human Development Index, Open Unemployment Rate, And Gini Index) On Poverty Rate Through Economic Growth of Jambi Province https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/310 <p>This study aims to analyze the influence of macro development variables (per capita<br>development, human development index, open unemployment, and Gini index) on poverty<br>rates through economic growth in Jambi Province. The research method used is quantitative<br>descriptive analysis with multiple linear regression analysis tools with path analysis models.<br>The results directly showed that the influence of macro development variables, per capita<br>income, human development index, open unemployment rate, and Gini index had a<br>significant effect on the poverty rate in Jambi Province. while indirectly only per capita<br>income has a significant effect on economic growth in Jambi Province, but the variables of<br>human development index, open unemployment rate, and Gini index do not have a<br>significant effect on economic growth in Jambi Province, but economic growth indirectly<br>does not affect poverty in Jambi Province.</p> Warni Yanti, M Ridwansyah, Nurhayani Copyright (c) 2024 Warni Yanti, M Ridwansyah, Nurhayani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/310 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Navigating The E-Government Landscape in Zanzibar a Comprehensive Empirical Assessment https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/163 <p>The study about Navigating e-government landscape in Zanzibar. This investigation emphasizes the interplay among human and financial resource capitals, governmental policies, and Information Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructure. Significantly, technological readiness is explored as a potential mediator, with digital literacy proposed as a moderating influence. Through an empirical lens, the study employs a comprehensive survey targeting diverse respondents, including public sector employees and citizens, capturing their e-government service interactions and perceptions. Employing a blend of statistical tools, the research unveils that human resource capital, aligned with digital knowledge, amplifies e-government efficacy. Strategic financial investments, especially in areas like training and ICT infrastructure, enhance service adoption. Furthermore, progressive government policies fostering transparency and inclusivity create a fertile ground for e-government growth. ICT, being central, further substantiates the call for robust digital infrastructures to support and expedite adoption. However, the mediating role of technological readiness underscores that simply possessing resources isn't sufficient; their strategic application is vital. Still, the study's scope, defined by its geographical focus on Zanzibar and potential inherent biases, necessitates caution when extrapolating results. In essence, this study provides a distilled perspective on e-government adoption in Zanzibar, offering insights potentially applicable to similar global contexts, urging stakeholders to rethink digital strategies.</p> mussa makame, Dr. Apparow Copyright (c) 2024 mussa makame, Dr. Apparow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/163 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Assessing Sustainable Literacy Among Leaners at Open University Malaysia https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/321 <p>Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are universal and require participation from both industrial and public sectors, with awareness serving as a key advocacy tool. This study focuses on adult learners at Open University Malaysia (OUM), which introduced the 17 SDGs in 2018 through its course OUMH1603: Study Skills for the 21st Century. This course, mandatory for all diploma and undergraduate students, emphasizes 21st-century soft skills, literacy skills, the 4Cs (Creative Thinking, Critical Thinking, Collaborative and Communication Skills), Global Citizenship Education, and Environmental Education. The study aims to analyze students' understanding of sustainability and evaluate their knowledge of the 17 SDGs. A questionnaire was distributed to new diploma and undergraduate students enrolled in the May 2023 cohort of OUMH1603. Data collected in the 3rd week of the semester were analyzed, revealing a positive trend in understanding the SDGs but also indicating significant room for improvement across all goals and various contributions (workplace, professional bodies, NGOs, and community/public</p> Azmi Che Leh, Thirumeni T Subramaniam, Azmi Mohamed, Sharifah Rosfashida Syed Abd Latif, Mohd Tajuzzaman Hassanor Copyright (c) 2024 Azmi Che Leh, Thirumeni T Subramaniam, Azmi Mohamed, Sharifah Rosfashida Syed Abd Latif, Mohd Tajuzzaman Hassanor https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/321 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Murabahah and Musyarakah Financing on Net Profit with Third Party Funds as a Moderating Variable at Bank 9 Jambi Syariah https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/308 <p>### Abstract</p> <p>This study, titled "The Effect of Murabahah and Musyarakah Financing on Net Profit with Third Party Funds as a Moderating Variable at Bank 9 Jambi Syariah," aims to determine and analyze the impact of Murabahah financing on net profit at Bank 9 Jambi Syariah. Additionally, it seeks to examine the effect of Musharakah financing on net profit and to investigate whether third-party funds moderate these relationships. The research employs a quantitative descriptive analysis method, utilizing Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA). The study focuses on Bank 9 Jambi Syariah, analyzing data from the years 2012 to 2022. The results indicate that both Murabahah and Musharakah financing significantly affect net profit. However, while third-party funds do not moderate the effect of Murabahah financing on net profit, they do moderate the effect of Musharakah financing on net profit.</p> <p> </p> Novianda Zulti*, Addiarrahman, Usdeldi Copyright (c) 2024 Novianda Zulti*, Addiarrahman, Usdeldi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/308 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A Organizational Conflict Management in the Digital Era Impact on Performance https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/322 <p>When a conflict arises within an organization, the cause is always identified as poor communication. Similarly, when a bad decision is made, ineffective communication is always to blame. Conflict management is a series of actions and reactions between actors and external parties in a conflict. This study is to look at the relationship between organizational conflict management in the digital era and its impact on performance. Organizational conflict management theory, digital era theory and performance are studied on an approach oriented to organizational management, communication from actors and external parties and how they affect performance</p> Rudziah Binti Mohd Darus Copyright (c) 2024 Rudziah Binti Mohd Darus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journal.uptm.edu.my/index.php/ajpbs/article/view/322 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000